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Laws Of War

Statistics

  Counts

  Total Pages: 12.98
  Total Words: 3244
  Total Characters: 19276
  Number of Sentences: 176


  Averages

  Words per Sentences: 18.43
  Characters per Words: 5.94


  Readability

  Flesch Reading Ease: 38.09
  Fog Scale Level: 15.79
  Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level: 12.52  

Laws of War




Laws of War







The term "laws of war" refers to the rules governing the actual



conduct of armed conflict. This idea that there actually exists rules that



govern war is a difficult concept to understand. The simple act of war in



and of itself seems to be in violation of an almost universal law



prohibiting one human being from killing another. But during times of war



murder of the enemy is allowed, which leads one to the question, "if murder



is permissible then what possible "laws of war" could there be?" The



answer to this question can be found in the Charter established at the



International Military Tribunals at Nuremberg and Tokyo:







Crimes against Humanity: namely, murder, extermination,



enslavement, deportation, and other inhumane acts committed against any



civilian population, before or during the war, or persecutions on



political, racial or religious grounds in execution of or in connection



with any crime within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal, whether or not in



violation of the domestic law of the country where perpetrated. Leaders,



organizers, instigators, and accomplices participating in the formulation



or execution of a common plan or conspiracy to commit any of the foregoing



crimes are responsible for all acts performed by any persons in execution



of such plan.1







The above excerpt comes form the Charter of the Tribunal Article 6 section



C, which makes it quite clear that in general the "laws of war" are there



to protect innocent civilians before and during war.







It seems to be a fair idea to have such rules governing armed conflict



in order to protect the civilians in the general location of such a



conflict. But, when the conflict is over, and if war crimes have been



committed, how then are criminals of war brought to justice? The



International Military Tribunals held after World War II in Nuremberg on 20



November 1945 and in Tokyo on 3 May 194...

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